The City of Prague released a new app called 'Prague Visitor Guide' (iOS and Android) which is a great tool for you to plan your stay in the city and to explore all its beauties. There is a full information service with an offline map and information about the public transport, so you will be able to navigate yourself around Prague easily.
Let’s read a little about the 'City of a Hundred Spires' so you can better understand what is waiting for you:
Prague is without a doubt one of Europe's most picture perfect cities with intact historic buildings, the Vltava River, mysterious streets, ornate churches and a 9th century castle on a hilltop overlooking the city. The history of Prague helps us to understand the special energy and blend of old and new.
The Prague castle dates back to the year 800, in 1344 the impressive Vitus Cathedral was added and the Castle Complex was completed in the 20th. Dukes and Kings of Bohemia based themselves here together with merchants making Prague an important and influential city. The Jewish community of Prague began establishing itself in 965 and today the Jewish Quarter is a major attraction. Visitors can see the Lesser Quarter (Mala Strana) and the Old Town (Stare Mesto). These two distinct areas were established as early as 1257. Under Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor many architectural additions were made to the city including the Charles Bridge and the Charles University which is the oldest university in Central Europe. His son King Wenceslaus followed and you can see his equestrian statue in the large Wenceslaus Square.
Exactly 100 years ago right after WWI Czechoslovakia was created with Prague as its capital. In 1939 the Nazis entered Prague and many of the city's Jews were deported and killed. However the city was relatively unharmed by the war compared to other European cities. This was in part because Hitler decided to preserve the Prague Jewish Quarter as a "museum of Jewish life" for when all Jews would be extinct. Following the war Prague came under Soviet control and remained under Communist rule until 1989, many liberties were taken away and the people longed for reform and civil rights. The Velvet Revolution of 1989 brought Czechoslovakia out from under the Soviet thumb and liberation slowly began. In 1993 Czechoslovakia split into Slovakia and the Czech Republic with Prague as its capital. The city quickly modernized and brought itself up to speed making giant leaps and bounds in all areas of society, the arts, music and social reforms.
The fact that this city was behind the Iron Curtain relatively recently adds to its fascination to Western visitors. The many layers of Prague's history: the ancient Bohemian kings, the Soviet-run Iron Curtain city and the new liberated young nation. All of these fascinating periods of history can be seen in the attractions and sites of Prague. There are pristine examples of Gothic, Baroque, Rococo, Art Nouveau and Soviet architecture in Prague.
All visits to Prague tend to start outside the Old Town City Hall in front of the Astronomical Clock. In the same expansive city square there is the 14th century Gothic Church of Our Lady before Tyn and other landmarks buildings. In the Jewish Quarter there are two ancient synagogues and a Jewish cemetery with graves from the 15th century. The Powder Tower is a Gothic tower, once part of the old city walls.
Prague has no shortage of modern buildings as well; the "Dancing House" is one of the favorites, resembling two dancers hugging up close together on the shore of the river. And the young hip and trendy Czechs offer innovative designs, fashion and art in unique stores and markets.
Take a cruise down the Vltava River; stroll through the meandering cobbled streets of the Old Town; visit the Prague Castle Complex and enjoy an evening of classical music or opera in one of Prague's stunning historic venues.